Until recently, the only treatment option in mouths with no teeth was complete dentures. However, today, whether it is a single missing tooth or a complete tooth deficiency, implant and implant coatings have become the best treatment option.
Prostheses made with the support of implants made in the edentulous area in the absence of one or more teeth is made of various materials such as metal-supported porcelain and zirconium. Implant prosthesis types, which ensure that the mouth and tooth structure are healthy and make the person does not experience aesthetic concerns, are specially designed for each patient and carried out under the control of a physician.
The prostheses used in patients whose tooth deficiency is eliminated by implant application are called implant coatings. Implant prostheses, which are applied according to the patient’s mouth structure and problem, can be applied in a way that can be removed by the patient or only by the physician.
Implant coatings, which can be used in every patient with sufficient bone structure, are the closest alternatives to natural teeth compared to traditional bridges and prostheses. Types of coating can be in different alternatives according to the age of the patient, the number of teeth available, and the bone ratio. It is generally divided into two as mobile and fixed.
- People who have no teeth
- People with adequate bone structure
- People with partial tooth deficiencies
- In physically and chemically worn teeth over time
- Impants that require superstructure
- It can be applied in multiple restoration requirements and smile design.
- Implant coating prevents the melting of the bone tissue in the applied area.
- It does not cause any abrasion on neighboring teeth.
- It offers alternatives according to the person, including fixed and removable.
- It gives new teeth to patients who have no teeth.
- Implant coatings also ensure that the tooth structure is aligned as it should be.
- It eliminates smile problems and aesthetic appearance anxiety.
- Teeth lengths can be arranged as desired.
- Since it can be made of various materials such as metal-supported porcelain and zirconium, it offers an alternative according to the person.
These prostheses are designed according to the number and location of missing teeth and fixed by sticking or screwing. These prostheses can be made of metal ceramic or zirconium ceramic, such as fixed prostheses made on teeth.
Fixed implant prostheses (coatings) can be applied to a single tooth as well as to more than one tooth, or even as a bridge to the entire jaw in case of complete edentulism.
Removable implant prostheses are made on implants placed in complete edentulousness, which can be put on and removed by the patient. Especially in patients using complete dentures, lower prostheses may become dislodged as a result of excessive bone resorption.
Considering the effect of the tongue and cheeks, it can cause discomfort even when speaking. In this case, fixing the lower prosthesis on the implants applied to the lower jaw is a solution that eliminates the discomfort experienced by the patient and brings comfort to the patient.
- Removable implant prostheses should be removed and cleaned at least twice a day and should be removed at night.
- At the same time, the surrounding of the implant and attachments should be carefully brushed and cleaned.
- The rubbers inside the prostheses may loosen over time, and when these rubbers are replaced with a simple operation, the retention returns to its original state.
- In the first year after the implant is made, you should visit your dentist in every 3-6 months for cleaning and check-ups.
The making of implant prosthesis may take 3 – 6 sessions depending on the material to be used on the teeth and whether or not the coating is applied. After the prosthesis is fitted, a few more sessions will be required to adapt it to the mouth.
In our daily life, we may have to lose our teeth, which increases our quality of life, for various reasons. Situations that can cause us to lose our teeth:
- Long-term untreated dental caries
- Trauma (traffic accidents, sports accidents, violence, etc.)
- Fractures that cannot be restored
- Bone loss around teeth due to gum problems
- Infections that do not improve despite root canal treatment and apical resection.
- Difficulties in eating
- Stomach and digestive system ailments due to impaired chewing
- Problems in the jaw joint
- Difficulties in speech
- An aged appearance due to loss of support in the cheek, lip and face area as the number of missing teeth increases
- Loss of self-confidence and psychological problems due to changes in appearance
- Tilting (side-tilting) towards the gap in the teeth adjacent to the area of the missing tooth
- Elongation of the tooth opposite the missing tooth
- Due to the deterioration of oral health, tooth decay and gum problems occur.
- The bone ratio in the missing tooth area decreases.